Flammable materials used in the manufacturing of Swissair Flight 111 is what investigators concluded to be the reason behind the fire that brought down the plane on the 2nd of September 1998. Efforts by the flight crew to put off the fire were unsuccessful leading to loss of 299 lives on board. The 1998 incidence brought down one of the famous aircraft and a favorite to many. The NB-IWF crashed into the Atlantic Ocean making it the deadliest McDonnell Douglas MD-11 accident. The following is a list of other top ten most famous plane crashes in aviation history.
Tenerife Airport Disaster- Unforgettable Coincidences
Part of the wreckage of the two Boeing 747s, KLM 4805 and Pan Am 1736, which collided on the runway of Los Rodeos Airport, killing 583 people, the deadliest collision in aviation history. (Photo by PA Images via Getty Images)
This is one of the deadliest pilot errors in the aviation industry and occurred in Tenerife airport. The incredible thing about this collision is that none of the planes involved in the crash were in its right position. There was a series of pilot errors for both plane pilots that resulted in the loss of 583 lives. The collision occurred on the runway involving two Boeing 747s, one of the planes belonged to KLM, and the other belonged to Pan Am. The 1997 clash saw the two airlines experience a drastic decline in profits due to the incompetence of its crew. Later, the primary cause of the accident was ruled to be the pilot since the Pan Am pilot could not differentiate between lanes C3 with C4.
9/11 Flights- America’s Darkest
A fiery blasts rocks the World Trade Center after being hit by two planes September 11, 2001 in New York City. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images)
This was the deadliest attack in US history that involved four commercial planes. The terrorist attack resulted in casualties not just in the airplanes but also people on the streets. This marked the most significant one-day loss ever to hit the commercial aviation history. American Airlines Flight 11 claimed more than 1,700 lives while United Airlines Flight 175 followed closely with 1,000 people. Both planes were driven into the famous Twin towers while the rest of the two planes hit the Pentagon and the other crashed in an open field. The September 11, 2001 attack was a series of well-crafted and coordinated against the United States by the al-Qaeda terrorist attack.
Malaysia Airlines 370- Beginning of Real-time Flight Tracking
A woman walks past a banner bearing solidarity messages for passengers of the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, during a memorial event in Kuala Lumpur on March 3, 2018 ahead of the fourth anniversary of at the ill-fated planes disappearance. (Photo MANAN VATSYAYANA/AFP/Getty Images)
There are so many questions surrounding the disappearance of the Malaysian commercial plane with its 239 people on board. The March 8, 2014 incidence remains the world’s most agonizing mystery ever to hit the aviation industry more than three years since it occurred. There are unexplained mysteries as to why the plan changed course and headed in the wrong direction and also what the flight crew was doing for the seven hours the plane was under autopilot control. Experts have been unable to figure out what happened on that fateful day. Some experts feel that it was deliberate sabotage by a compromised crew to hypoxia which results from rapid decompression.
United Airlines Flight 173- Birth of Cockpit Resource Management
A landing gear problem is what would be ruled out as the cause of the crash that claimed 181 lives in Portland. The plane crash investigators also added that the arrogance of the S.O.B contributed to the crash as he failed to act professionally. The crew did not follow protocol which made them continue flying until their plane ran out of fuel leading to the crash. The pilots tried to abort the landing to access the situation, but this prudent move was very costly.
The December 28th, 1978 incidence is famous in the aviation industry as it initiated the birth of Cockpit Resource Management. This was an upgrade version of cockpit teamwork and procedures to evade future crashes.
Charkhi Dadri Mid-Air Collision
This mid-air collision involved two planes; Saudia Flight 763 and Kazakhstan Airlines Flight 1907 which occurred in northern India. The air traffic controller failed to notice that one of the planes was flying at the wrong attitude. Ilyushin 11-76 operated by the Kazakhstan Airlines was unable to follow controllers instructions to fly at 15,000 feet and instead descended to 14,500 feet. This mistake is what caused the crash with Boeing 747 which was heading in the opposite direction. The 1996 incidence was witnessed by a US Air Force aircraft that was passing by. The final report concluded that the Kazakhstan Airlines pilot’s failure to follow cockpit instructions is what caused 349 innocent lives.
Air India Flight 182 Bombing
Irish sailors unload on June 29, 1985, at a navy base in Cork, debris from the Air India Flight 182 that crashed off the coast of Ireland on June 23. The Boeing 747 was blown up by a bomb at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9400 meters), killing 329 people. (Photo credit ANDRE DURAND/AFP/Getty Images)
This crash occurred at the coast of Ireland and involved a Boeing 747. There was a bomb on board at the cargo hold that was part of the terrorist plan to blow off the plane. After the crash, Sikh extremists Babbar Khalsa claimed responsibility for the explosion that led to the loss of 329 lines. The 1985 incidence became the deadliest terror attack at that time. The mastermind of the attack was one ‘M Singh’ who checked in with a suitcase, but later investigators realized that he was not on board. This marked the begging of tight security measures in Airports that have been upgraded to what we have today.
Ermenonville Air Disaster- Cost of Mediocrity
4th March 1974: People at the scene in Forest of Ermenonville, where a Turkish Airline DC-10 crashed killing all the passengers on board. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
No passenger wants to imagine that the pilot under control of the plane they are flying in are not qualified. At times there are genuine human errors that we all can understand, but some mistakes are deemed to be senseless. This is what brought down a Turkish airlines flight 982 in 1974. An incompetent Moroccan baggage handler could not read multiple languages that explained the latching instructions. The handler could not understand either English or Turkish and ended up doing the wrong procedure by not following the design flaw. The latch blew mid-air and forced the plane to crash into Ermonville forest just a few kilometers near Paris, France. There was three crew member on board, and all lost their lives. This plane crash is famous because it led to the introduction of very high standards and qualifications for airport and crew members.
Japan Airlines Flight 123- Largest Single Aircraft Accident in History
Japan Airlines (JAL) flight 123 crash site. The Boeing 747SR plane crashed due to equipment failure into the lower slopes of Mount Osutaka, killing 520 people on board. (Photo by robertwallis/Corbis via Getty Images)
This 1985 incidence involved a Boeing 747 and came to be the most massive single aircraft accident ever to hit the aviation industry. There was a mechanical failure noticed by the pilot mid-air which according to investigators resulted from a fault repair job that had been done seven years ago. The situation accelerated in mid-air, and the pilots could not fly to control the plane. On Monday, August 12, 1985, the aircraft crashed into a mountain and led to the loss of 520 live in total.
Air France 447- The Sleeping Pilots
Handout image released on June 8, 2009 by the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) shows crew members preparing to tow a part of the wreckage of a Air Bus A330-200 jetliner which crashed in the Atlantic Ocean with 228 people on board in a flight from Rio de Janeiro to Paris. (Photo by Forca Aerea Brasileira via LatinContent/Getty Images)
Air France Flight 447 was a scheduled passenger international flight from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Paris, France, which crashed on 1 June 2009. This flight was supposed to go for more than 10 hours and, therefore, the Pilot left one of the co-pilots in charge as he left to take a nap. This is a standard procedure and allows pilots to do so for flights taking more than 10 hours. The co-pilot was not much experienced in flying such large aircraft, and this made it impossible for him to control the plane after it hit turbulence. This made the plane to roll slightly, but the co-pilot overcompensated for this role. The 2009 incidence led to the loss of 228 lives.
TWA flight 800- Engineering Nightmare
A large piece of aircraft wreckage from TWA flight 800 that crashed 17 July is recovered some 10 miles offshore by the US Coast Guard 18 July in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of East Moriches, New York. The Paris-bound Boeing 747 aircraft exploded shortly after takeoff from New York, and there are no signs that any of the 230 people aboard survived the crash. (Photo credit should read JON LEVY/AFP/Getty Images)
Engineers and air crash investigators have been unable to determine what blew the Boeing 747 midair. The explosion led to the loss of 230 people, and experts say that the plane exploded for no apparent reason. The remains of the aircraft ruled out the possibility of a bomb on board. The four-year NTSB investigation concluded with the approval of the Aircraft Accident Report on August 23, 2000, ending the most extensive, complex, and costly air disaster investigation in U.S. history. The report concluded that the probable cause of the accident was an explosion of flammable fuel vapors in the center fuel tank. Although it could not be determined with certainty, the likely ignition source was a short circuit.