Many things have been found thorough the ages. It doesn’t mean we fully understand them. Who knew what the cultures of back then were actually up to? Here are some findings that still leave us clueless.
Stonehenge – The Mystery
Stonehenge is one of those beautiful mysteries that nobody quite can figure out. How exactly did they get there? What is there meaning?
The actual construction of Stonehenge started during the Neolithic Age. It apparently took 1500 years of construction it was completed in 1600 BC. It came before the Great Wall of China by almost 1,000 years!
Stonehenge – Why Was it Built?
What people are still trying to figure out is the fact that 43 surviving bluestones – which weigh an astounding 8,000 pounds each were moved over 200 miles to where they are today. Ideas are that there may have been glaciers depositing bluestones on the landscape, to the use of ancient barges over water, maybe even rolled over logs.
But why is it there exactly? It may have been used as a burial site for some time or even a cosmic map or astronomical calendar. There’s even evidence that many different tribes contributed to its being built and used it for rituals. We don’t even know whose it belonged to exactly.
Next: A hot mix
Greek Fire – Its Disappearance
On this list you will see many structures as well as archaeological finds, but this is a different case altogether. The Byzantines won the Mediterranean Sea by using Greek Fire. This was a time when the use of explosives in warfare was still a few hundred years away.
Nobody knows how they used this “Greek fire”. Warfare on the ocean took place by ramming enemy ships, and Greek Fire is said to “cling to flesh and was impossible to extinguish with water.” What was it actually made of – in the 6th century?
Greek Fire – Did it Just Disappear?
It was said that a certain Greek family that lived within the Byzantine Empire knew what this Greek Fire was and held the “recipe” for it. What we know is that tubes, possibly of bronze, were mounted on the prows of ships, and the fire was spat out onto all the enemy ships. Water didn’t even work with it and just made it worse.
Back in 2002, National Geographic gave the most realistic story for what Greek Fire could really be. In 2002, they used a bronze pump to fire a mixture of oil and pine resin which burned a wooden ship within minutes.
Next: Strange heads abound
Easter Island Heads of Rapa Nui
Take the year 800 A.D. and a small tribe of only 100 to travel thousands of miles to reside on the shores of Easter Island. Over the next 1,000 years they had a ritual where they carved and planted some 1,000 Heads of Rapa Nui (Easter Island).
It is oblivious to us why the people who lived there transported the enormous rocks, then carved their features and placed them in the ground facing away from the sea. European explorers landed there on Easter Day 1722 and marveled at them.
The Heads – Torsos Buried Deep
The heads were not created proportionately. Some stick 13 or 14 feet out of the ground. They actually can measure up to 40 feet high as the torsos propping up those heads are buried deep into the ground.
When the explorers arrived, the heads were actually in a state of huge neglect. Most people think that they are some form of tombstones, as families of bodies are buried next to the heads. Originally, they were also painted red, which could have possibly been a funeral type ritual.
Next: Strange geometrical carvings
Puma Punku Precision
When you look at the Puma Punku ruins, it’s hard to call them ruins because of the geometry of these “ruins”. We think the original civilization didn’t survive because another civilization conquered them.
The odd thing is that the shapes etched into stone don’t show that they were made with a chisel. Even the Incas, who overpowered the city way back in 1470, believed that the carvings represented the first humans, and were actually at the center of their creationist beliefs.
It’s very likely that these “ruins” were in the city of Tiwanaku, in which Puma Punku is located. Archaeologists have stated that they are a crazy 17,000 years old. The Great Pyramid of Giza was was built 12,000 years after Puma Punku.
The precision of these carvings is extraordinary. Today it exists in modern Bolivia. Perhaps that’s why it is not given as much attention as Stonehenge. Even so, the precision of it is phenomenal.
Next: Super swords
Ilfberht Viking Swords
We all know that the Vikings were huge and participated in battle and well… you wouldn’t want to mess with them. Now, Ulfberht Viking swords are very powerful blades that were exceptional because their quality was way before their time. Modern historians still can’t figure them out.
These swords were dated to be well over 1,000 years old but the method of making steel of that quality didn’t exist until nearly 1000 years later.
800 Years Ahead Of Its Time
In the year 800, the technology at the time was not good enough to make swords like these. The carbon content of a sword is extremely important to make it strong, and Ulfberht swords are said to have three times the carbon content that other swords of the era contained.
All That’s Interesting
Just to understand, to create such swords, the blacksmith would have to reach a temperature of 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit. These methods were not around at the time but some historians think that the method may have come out of the Middle East, where sword making methods were not understood at all by European invaders during the crusades.
Next: Damascus steel
Looking back at the 9th century in Scandinavia, a man was buried. Archaeologists then unearthed his grave, they were startled to read an inscription that read, “for/to Allah.” There was obviously a link between Islam and Vikings.
Looking at the link let’s take a peek at the strong, yet light weight and strong Damascus steel. Crusaders returned to mainland Europe and complained that the enemy had a sword “that could slice through a floating handkerchief, bend 90 degrees and flex back with no damage.” We know that the Vikings traveled a lot and it is very likely that they had trade relationships with the Middle East and in turn, learned how to make the steel.
The Most Powerful Swords
Damascus steel gave Islamic fighters a ginormous advantage over their Christian enemies because of this brilliant steel they adapted to their swords.
It looks like whoever made the Damascus steel used “crucible steel” then upped the temperature when melting the steel by using melted iron to plant matter. However it was made exactly, no one has been able to do it.
Next: Enormous insects
Seen Through Eagle Eye Vision
In Peru, in the arid lowlands, there are a series of carvings of plants, insects as well as animals which are visible from the sky and exceptionally meticulous in shape. Why they were made is the ultimate mystery.
What the Nazca tribe did was scrape slowly at the copper surface of rocks on the floor of the desert. This exposed the lighter earth underneath. The reason that these carvings are still intact is that the area is extremely arid with a lack of rain.
The Missing Nazcas
The Nazcas went through a terrible drought in the 5th century and the Wari conquered them and took on many of their artistic prowess.
In ancient times, many civilizations believed that their gods were in the sky. After all, who brought out the sun during the day and thunder and lightning during storms? The Nazca believed, like the Egyptians and Mayans, that the gods in the sky could actually see them on the ground. Possibly that’s why they made them, but of course, nobody truly knows.
Next: Airplanes of long ago
The Quimbaya Airplanes
Obviously, the Nazcas works of art are best seen from above and their neighbors to the east in modern day Columbia came up with amazing pieces of art that boggles the mind.
The Quimbaya Airplanes were created over2,000 years ago and were exceptionally ahead of their time. Some people honestly believe aliens, or even time travelers inspired them. The actual aerodynamics of the airplanes have been tested, and the airframe would actually work for both propellers driven and jet aircraft.
Testing the Airframe
In 1994, 2 German aeronautical engineers made scale models of the Quimbaya Airplanes and tested their aerodynamic properties and actually proved they could indeed fly. Where exactly did they come from?
The Ancient Aliens
Archaeologist to this day cannot confirm what they were actually used for. They were largely destroyed by the arrival of Conquistadors in the 1500s, so we may never actually know why they were created – unless time travel machines are created!
Next: A complete mind boggler
The Piri Reis Map
This next one comes from discovery from the early 20th century. Historians are really boggled by this one. It actually contains very precise drawings of land that had not been discovered yet.
The Vintage News
It contains drawings of land that hadn’t been discovered as well as drawings of land that’s never been seen. The land is Antarctica, and the map precedes its discovery by 300 years. It actually depicts Antarctica as it lay 6,000 years prior. Let’s look into this.
Christopher Columbus Contributed To the Map
In 1929, the map was discovered among a pile of items that were thrown away. The author of the map was an admiral -a Turkish admiral and cartographer named Piri Reis. He said that he used 20 different maps to create this one, including one from Christopher Columbus.
Beyond Science TV
The most fascinating thing about the map is that it shows Antarctica 300 years before it was supposedly discovered. It actually depicts the coastline of Antarctica as it was 6,000 years ago before it was covered in ice.
Next: A language that cannot be translated
500 Years and No Answers
There is the book. It has no author, a discernable language, or even vague idea of what exactly it is trying to convey. The Voynich Manuscript has been confusing linguists for 500 years. It’s a language that just makes no sense!
In the early part of 2018, an Electrical Engineer and language enthusiast brought a theory forward. His name is Ahmet Ardic. He saw the manuscript online in a post on Reddit and actually dedicated four years deciphering its hidden meaning. He came up with something interesting.
Is It Ancient Turkish?
The Voynich Manuscript is named so because of the Polish man who, apparently, bought it from Jesuit Monks in 1912. Before that, it had been passed around since the 1500s and no one could figure it out – until now.
Ardic actually believes that the writing comes from Turkey and says he has translated over 300 words in the manuscript. He also made a riveting case for the translation of the calendar and continues with his work even to this moment. Skeptics are not so sure about his findings but he may have possibly unlocked the mystery.
Next: Trying to figure out an ancient Sumerian mystery
Mix Between Fact or Fiction
Knowing what is true or not is not always easy to know or define, and the Sumerian King List seems to blur that line. What the list is, is a historical record to a point, and it contains the kings and times in which they ruled, but… it also has a bunch of mythical kings for time periods that are impossible.
The first cuneiform tablet was discovered in the ancient city of Nippur in the early 1900s, and translated shortly after. Since then, 18 more tablets have been discovered that testify to the listing of kings, and historians were bewildered by what was “written” of each of them.
Archaeologists have been able to carbon date the tablets back to sometime around 4,000 BC. Every tablet says something different about the rulership of kings. Even so, researchers have found things in common that match up to other certain data found in history.
People believed that Sumerian kings were chosen by the gods but not gods themselves. It is confusing that these historical records would show rulerships lasting up to 1,000 years.
The Ubaid Lizardmen
We know that the Ubaid civilization predated the Sumerians and they have sculptures of lizardmen that researches just can’t figure out.
Humans are Free
The Ubaid Lizardmen have been discovered in the form of both sexes. They depict lizards doing human like actions, such as breastfeeding. It also shows them wearing outfits that humans would wear.
Are They Lizard Gods?
What have been found on the actual lizardmen seem to cause bewilderment such as equipment for a game of football. They are found in different poses, some with shoulder pads and others with helmets.
The only thing that makes sense to some people is that the Ubaid people placed great importance on lizards and snakes. One of their gods was a snake, and their symbol for friendship also involved a snake.
Next: An interesting riddle
This was recently discovered. At this point in time, nobody knows the origins of the Yonaguni Monument.
What is baffling about this monument is that it is too perfect to be natural, yet there are no signs that show that it was touched by a human hand. It is also so far down in water that only scuba divers can reach it. It was, in fact, discovered by scuba divers in 1987, while a scuba diver was searching for hammerhead sharks.
Where Are Its Origins
These days most scuba divers go straight for the Yonaguni Monument. It has some interesting features such as pillars, a star as well as geometric shapes. People think the stone was possibly deposited their 20 million years ago from a glacier.
If it was carved by humans it is believed to have happened 5000 years ago. What seems reasonable to figure out is that possibly is a natural geometric formation and was changed by the hands of humans, but if it is underwater how did the humans actually get to it?
Next: Enormous balls
Giant Balls of Costa Rica
The Giant Stone Balls in Costa Rica were created around a similar time period that the Nazca and Quimbaya were doing the things they did.
The only problem with these balls is that they possibly have been moved from their original location. No one really knows what they are for.
These Giant Balls were made using various techniques of fracture, pecking, and grinding to the stone. Some people think that the balls could have been an ancient calendar, or perhaps a navigational tool. But no one knows for sure.
According to local legend, vandals thought that there was gold inside and blew up some of these balls to see if there was any inside.
Next: A mystery from the depths of the ocean
2,000 Years Ahead of Its Time
The Antikythera Mechanism was likely built around 200 BC. It was retrieved from the bottom of the ocean in 1901.
Historians figured out it’s a gear-based mechanism that is meant to help ancient mariners navigate. It includes both a lunar and a solar calendar, as well as information regarding the stars. The odd thing is, it was a full millennium before that kind of technology existed.
Conspiracy theorists really got working on this discovery and believe that it was possibly from the future.
A historian theorized that anything such as the Antikythera Mechanism that’s made of bronze would have been recycled over the years and changed into something else. Historical data does not exactly back that theory and generations since have tried to figure out how that kind of mechanism would escape any kind of record.
Next: A Roman mystery
We know one thing for sure, that this find was made by the romans and we know that they existed with much historical proof.
But here we have the Dodecahedron which has absolutely no historical reference relating to it. So what exactly do we do about this discovery?
Is It a Mockery On Us?
People have guessed what this is for, even for aesthetic decorating reasons. It could have been ancient dice or held some religious or cultural significance, but no one knows for sure. They have even been said to help farmers with planting – by showing them when the correct season for planting begins.
We could be looking at something insignificant – we just don’t know exactly what this is used for.